The Cairngorm range boasts a number of bothies, some of which have been substantially renovated in recent years and which rank as among the best in Scotland.
Most regular hill-goers know the score with bothies, but for the benefit of those less familiar, a word or two is perhaps in order.
A ‘bothy’ traditionally was a building constructed for the accommodation of farm or estate workers at or near their place of work. However in modern use of the word it is a building used as shelter for walkers and climbers in (mostly) remote areas.
In the Cairngorms, as across Scotland, these buildings have various origins, from former farmhouses to shooting lodges to traditional bothies, as well as some which were custom made.
There is also a distinction sometimes made between bothies and ‘refuges’. A refuge will probably be smaller and more primitive accommodation. The Garbh Choire and Fords of Avon refuges are obviously in this category: offering no more than shelter from the weather (Not even that in the current state of the Garbh Choire!) and, as the name suggests, a place of refuge rather than one of resort. However the Hutchison Hut was built as a refuge and, though it certainly once fitted the bill, is now a perfectly acceptable bothy. For that reason I have kept refuges and bothies in the same section: the descriptions of the individual buildings will make clear the level of accommodation you can expect.
Anyone can make use of a bothy, either for an overnight stay or as a base for a day or two (longer stays are discouraged), or even just a lunch stop.
Accommodation even in the best of bothies is basic: you will be out of the weather, but not all bothies have a fire or stove and none of the Cairngorm bothies have electricity. You must have all your own bedding and cooking equipment and be prepared for sleeping on at best a wooden platform, at worst a stone floor. For facilities at an individual bothy check the relevant page in the drop-down menu.
You should also have alternative accommodation in mind if you turn up and find the bothy is full, especially if you’re travelling as part of a group. (The Mountain Bothy Association code asks that people not turn up in groups of more than six, though even that will put a strain on some of the smaller refuges.) In an emergency situation I have never heard of anyone being turned away from a bothy, and the tradition of communal help is such that most people will try and squeeze you in, but some bothies can be very busy and carrying a tent can make all the difference between a good night’s sleep and none at all.
Having given that warning, in some bothies you are likely to be the only resident and even in the more popular bothies you can find yourself rattling about on your own.
But the best bothy nights can see you sharing your accommodation with a mind-opening variety of people. I’ve shared a bothy – and some great conversations – with people from many countries and all walks of life. I’ve talked with a (hopefully) reformed armed robber and with a retired police inspector, with a Swiss solar physicist and her companion an ‘ordinary’ nuclear physicist, I’ve witnessed an English geologist arguing for the UK and capitalism, bravely holding his ground against a bothy full of socialists scheming for independence… I’ve even met a guy from Luxemburg!
And I wouldn’t want to build expectations, but with guitars, whistles, mouthies, mandolins and bagpipes all making occasional appearances in bothies, I’ve enjoyed some great impromptu ceilidhs too.
Of course not everyone is going to be your new best pal, and there are people who simply prefer to keep their own company, but the one thing you should be able to rely on from a bothy companion is trustworthiness and mutual assistance. I’ve both given and received advice in bothies, shared someone’s last teabag and seen a drookit traveller clad for the night in bits and pieces of several others’ dry clothes while his own hung in front of the fire. In a bothy you really are all in it together.
Most Cairngorm bothies are maintained by the Mountain Bothies Association and in recent years a considerable amount of work has been undertaken to bring most bothies up to a high standard. Regular visits are made to maintain this high standard, but users can help greatly by not leaving ANY rubbish or unwanted food or equipment and by leaving the bothy tidy and in good order. (The exceptions to the MBA-maintained bothies are Bob Scott’s Bothy, which was built and is maintained by the Friends of Bob Scott’s, and the Garbh Choire Refuge which is not maintained by Mar Lodge Estate and will either crumble to complete ruin or be removed unless the NTS can be persuaded it should remain and be renovated and maintained by the MBA.)
The bothies covered in this site are all free for anyone to use, but it should be remembered that they still remain the property of the owners – usually the estate which owns the ground – and their continued use is not necessarily guaranteed.
That being said, the Cairngorm bothies have all been in use for many generations now and, with the exception of a shadow over the future of the Garbh Choire Refuge, should continue to be available for many more generations if we treat them as the valuable resource they are.
Further notes on use of bothies, written with youth groups in mind but with advice applicable to all, can be found here – Bothies resource booklet
(This section is a work in progress, with only some of the many bothies, howffs and shelters included so far, but eventually I hope to have articles about all the Cairngorm bothies. In the meantime, hover over the ‘Cairngorm bothies’ tab in the navigation bar to access the bothy pages (and sub pages) from the drop-down.)
The MBA ‘Bothy Code’
The Bothies maintained by the MBA are available by courtesy of the owners. Please respect this privilege.
Please record your visit in the Bothy Log-Book.
Note that bothies are used entirely at your own risk
Respect Other Users
Please leave the bothy clean and tidy with dry kindling for the next visitors. Make other visitors welcome. If they are not MBA members set a good example.
Respect the Bothy
Tell us about any accidental damage. Don’t leave graffiti or vandalise the bothy. Please take out all rubbish which you can’t burn. Avoid burying rubbish; this pollutes the environment. Please don’t leave perishable food as this attracts vermin. Guard against fire risk and ensure the fire is out before you leave. Make sure the doors and windows are properly closed when you leave.
Respect the Surroundings
If there is no toilet at the bothy please bury human waste out of sight. Use the spade provided, keep well away from the water supply and never use the vicinity of the bothy as a toilet.
Never cut live wood or damage estate property. Use fuel sparingly.
Respect Agreement with the Estate
Please observe any restrictions on use of the bothy, for example during stag stalking or at lambing time. Please remember bothies are available for short stays only. The owner’s permission must be obtained if you intend an extended stay.
Respect the Restriction On Numbers
Because of overcrowding and lack of facilities, large groups (6 or more) should not use a bothy nor camp near a bothy without first seeking permission from the owner.
Bothies are not available for commercial groups.